And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Aser: she was of a great age, and had lived with an husband seven years from her virginity;a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but servedwith fastings and prayers night and day.And she coming in that instant gave thanks likewise unto the Lord, and spake of him to all them that looked for redemption in Jerusalem (KJV).
Luke writes and describes an amazing woman named Anna in 3 little verses. But Lukes detailed method of writing allows us to learn so much about her. Yesterday I discussed the remarkable faith of the man Simeon and today we will look at Annas only Christmas present.
From the text we can deduce a few outstanding qualities of this woman. First, she is described as a prophetess. A prophetess is defined as a female who possesses the ability to see and describe future spiritual events, and this is done by an inspired woman (Strong, 1984). As a prophetess, Anna receives insight into things that normally remain hidden to ordinary people; she recognizes who this child is and tells of his significance to selected people in Jerusalem (Branch, 2013). Her actions affirm Amos 3:7: Surely the Sovereign Lord does nothing without revealing his plans to his servants the prophets.
She was a very spiritual woman who had a great family origin, daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asser. But she had much more than age and ancestry; she had a deep faith and a resilient piety: she did not depart from the temple, worshipping, fasting and praying night and day (Arias, 1984).
She would have been married at the age of 14 or 15; which lasted only 7 years before the passing of her husband. From the text we can place her at the age of at least 85; some commentaries place her age at 114-115 years old. The point to focus on is her long dedicated life and service to the temple.
She fasted and prayed regularly and this would indicate the she was probably thin. Her ability to move about the temple in order to minister to others shows us that she was able to move around and her vision was still acceptable (v.38). This is an amazing ability for a woman her age. After the death of her husband, Anna devoted her entire life to working night and day in the temple.
Notice in the latter part of verse 38 spake of him to all them that looked for redemption in Jerusalem. She was still excited to be a witness of the truth and her long years of dedicated service at the temple was a testimony of her faith. After spending 80 plus years serving in the temple, Anna was still on fire for the Lord. God truly blessed her for her dedicated service by providing her with the one greatest Christmas gift she could have asked for
Arias, M. B. (1984). Simeon and Anna sodalities : a challenge to churches in transition.Missiology,12(1), 97-101.
Branch, R. G. (2013). Anna in the Bible: Luke reveals the prophetess as a Biblical model for aging.Bible History Daily, Bible Archaeology.Retrieved from
Strong, J., & Strong, J. (1984).The New Strongs exhaustive concordance of the Bible: With main concordance, appendix to the main concordance, key verse comparison chart, dictionary of the Hebrew Bible, dictionary of the Greek Testament. Nashville: Thomas Nelson.
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